India is facing a major water crisis at the moment. 203 million people survive on less than 40 litres of water per person every day. While 90% of India’s population is heavily dependent on groundwater, it is under the threat of contamination and overexploitation.
46 million people in rural areas have access only to contaminated water. The consumption of which results in the death of 0.2 million people every year.
Inspite of this, the budget for the National Rural Drinking Water Program has been dwindling or rather reduced significantly since 2014. Between 2018 to 2019, the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation spent 69% of its expenditure on Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin (SBM-G) and only 31% on NRDWP.
While the previous goals to provide drinking water to every rural household in India is yet to be achieved, this election season political parties have already come up with newer strategies to solve this growing water scarcity.